Part Ten (X)

Conclusion – the coming challenges and future directions

Chapter 33: 

Causes and effects of claims for rights: why mainstreaming in Africa matters

Kudakwashe Dube

CEO African Disability Alliance

Kudakwashe Dube is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Africa Disability Alliance and has over 30 years of experience designing, managing, evaluating and monitoring development and disability programmes with international and grassroots movements. He is also chair of trustees of ADD International that fights for independence, equality and opportunities for disabled people living in poverty, alongside organisations of disabled people.

To learn more:

To read about ADD’s partnership with activists:

Watch Mr. Kudakwashe give a speech on domestic resource mobilisation to ensure inclusion in the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). This was on behalf of the International Disability and Development Consortium and the Africa Disability Alliance during the Informal Interactive Hearing for Civil Society in preparation of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development on 9 April 2015 at the United Nations: or you can read the transcript:

About ADD International:

Read an article by Kudakwashe Dube about disability in Africa:

To read an academic article that Kudakwashe Dube also contributed to about the African Network for Evidence to Action on Disability:

Natalie Spagnuolo

doctoral candidate

Natalie Spagnuolo  is a doctoral candidate at York University, Toronto. Her SSHRC-funded research explores medical decision-making and knowledge production, and the role of economic factors in these processes. She is managing editor for a critical disability  studies journal and for an open-access peer-review journal that supports interdisciplinary approaches to health from social justice perspectives. She has published numerous articles and book chapters on disability and migration, intellectual disability, and the theory and practice of disability research.

To learn more:

Read a connected article that Natalie Spagnuolo contributed to, “Participatory training in disability and migration: mobilizing community capacities for advocacy” in

With  Josée Boulanger, Natalie Spagnuolo has co-founded Memory, Witness and Hope/Mémoire, témoignages et espoir, a project where English and French-speaking survivors of institutions for people with intellectual disabilities in Canada can connect and find support in the community.

The website:

The blog:

Yahya El-Lahib

assistant Professor

Yahya El-Lahib is a long-time disability activist and Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary. His research focuses on the intersection of disability and displacement as interlocking systems of oppression that continue to shape the marginalization experiences of people with disabilities within and outside state borders.

To learn more:

Read about Yahya El-Lahib’s work:

Read a connected article that Yahya El-Lahib contributed to, “Dominant Health Discourses in Action: Constructing People with Disabilities as the “Inadmissible Other” in Canadian Immigration” in

Read Yahya El-Lahib’s PhD thesis, “Ableism, racism and colonialism in Canadian Immigration: Exploring constructions of people with disabilities.” at:

Read about his work featured in the press about improving experiences of refugees fleeing war-torn countries:

Watch a webinar about this work: